The examiner on your test will expect you to: -


  1. Use the MSPSL routine in good time
  2. Brake gently and in good time
  3. Position your vehicle correctly - Choose the correct lane where there are lane markings and in a one-way street
  4. Look for obstructions, traffic and pedestrians
  5. Read Stop signs, Give Way signs, etc., accurately.
  6. Assess the speed of traffic.
  7. Not to “cut” the corner.
  8. Turn only when it is safe to do so.


 While carrying out the junction routine you must keep a constant look-out for other road users. Doing this will help to ensure that you have all the information you need to make the correct decisions about your intended actions.


Listen carefully to the directions given seek clarification if you are not sure.


Get into the Habit of using the mirror-signal-position-speed (Gear)-look (LADA)-{MSPSL} routine early when approaching junctions or any other hazards such as obstructions in the road.


Mirrors as soon as you are aware that there is a junction or other hazard ahead, you must check your mirrors to see what is happening behind. Just looking is not enough. You must ask yourself the question, 'Is it safe to carry out the manoeuvre?' A manoeuvre is any action involving a change to your speed or position.
Signal When you are sure that it's safe to proceed, give the appropriate signal in plenty of time. This gives others a chance to see them and react!
Position Move into the correct position for the junction.
Speed and Gear Use the footbrake to slow down and ensure that you have plenty of time to change gear before the junction. If things seem rushed, you're going too fast.
Look for obstructions, traffic and pedestrians.  You must keep a special look-out for cyclists or motorbikes travelling along close to the kerb. When approaching the end of the road, watch out for other vehicles that may be cutting corners. Be prepared to hold back for them. For LEFT TURNS: LEFT -RIGHT-LEFT for RIGHT TURNS: RIGHT-LEFT-RIGHT.


Assess what is required to turn safely and under control. Can you turn or should you wait?


Decide on the next course of action. Stop or go?


Act. Whatever course of action you decide upon, be positive in your actions.






Turning right:


The main danger when turning right is from oncoming vehicles. Slow down and wait until they have passed the junction. Don't be afraid to stop when you reach the point of your turn if it is not safe [Walk across / drive across]. When the way is clear move away smartly and do not cause an obstruction.
When turning right into the new road make sure you look into the road before you go. Avoid cutting the corner because another vehicle could be approaching the junction.


 More about the Position before Turning Right


Get into position early and maintain it. If you position correctly on a wide road, following vehicles should be able to pass on your nearside (on the drivers left side). There is a tendency these days for wide roads to be marked with chevrons. The chevrons are designed to improve safety by encouraging better driver following behaviour. These are used to separate traffic lanes or to protect traffic turning right.
There are 2 types of chevrons.


 If the area is bordered by a solid white line, you should not enter it except in an emergency.


If the area is bordered by a broken white line, you should not enter the area unless it is necessary and you can see that it is safe to do so.


When turning right you can enter a broken white line chevron if you feel by not doing so you would stop the traffic flow from behind.


Turning left:


Positioning:  take up the Normal Driving Position [1 metre from the kerb]


New road: Look for obstructions in the new road. When the way is clear move away smartly and do not cause an obstruction. When turning right into the new road make sure you look into the road before you go.