On approaching a roundabout take notice and act on all the information available to you, including traffic signs, traffic lights and lane markings which direct you into the correct lane.

The examiner on your test will expect you to: -


1. Use the MSPSL routine
2. Position correctly and adjust your speed
3. Choose the correct lane where there are lane markings
4. Watch out for motorcyclists, cyclists and pedestrians
5. Take effective observations
6. Assess the speed of traffic
To Turn Left (taking the first exit)
• signal left and approach in the left-hand lane
• keep to the left on the roundabout and continue signalling left to leave.
To go straight on (taking the second exit)
• select the appropriate lane on approach to and on the roundabout. If no marking on the road it is usually safest to keep to the left lane
• stay in this lane until you need to alter course to exit the roundabout
• signal left after you have passed the exit before the one you want.
To Turn Right (taking the last exit or third exit)
• signal right and approach in the right-hand lane
• keep to the right on the roundabout until you need to change lanes to exit the roundabout
• signal left after you have passed the exit before the one you want.


  How to approach a roundabout





 When approaching a roundabout: -
Listen carefully to the directions given seek clarification if you are not sure.




Mirrors as soon as you are aware that there is a junction or other hazard ahead, you must check your mirrors to see what is happening behind. Just looking is not enough. You must ask yourself the question, 'Is it safe to carry out the manoeuvre?' A manoeuvre is any action involving a change to your speed or position.
Signal When you are sure that it's safe to proceed, give the appropriate signal in plenty of time. This gives others a chance to see them and react!

Position Check your mirrors again to ensure that it's safe to move into the correct position for the junction.

Speed (Gear) Use the footbrake to ensure that you have plenty of time to change gear before the junction. If things seem rushed, you're going too fast. Make a final observation check all around and then complete your manoeuvre.

Look for obstructions, traffic and pedestrians. You must keep a special look-out for cyclists or motorbikes travelling along close to the kerb. When approaching the end of the road, watch out for other vehicles that may be cutting corners. Be prepared to hold back for them.

Assess what is required to turn safely and under control. Can you turn or should you wait?

Decide on the next course of action. Stop or go?

Act. Whatever course of action you decide upon, be positive in your actions.
Another hint is sometimes you can judge where other drivers are going before they signal etc. by looking at their faces and seeing which road they are looking into. Generally, the road they look into is where they are going.


You will readily recognise body language or facial expression in other road users when eye contact has been made.
This in itself does not mean it is safe to proceed but it does mean the other person is aware of you and many accidents result from people not noticing other road users.

Always be aware of the speed and position of all the traffic around you.


 Don't worry if you have to stop when you reach the roundabout. When it's clear, ease up off the clutch smoothly, don't rush, keep using the mirrors, and above all, stay calm.

Once you are on the roundabout maintain a reasonable speed. Failing to do this, especially when you are in the right-hand lane, may result in other drivers passing on the nearside.

Watch out for vehicles already on the roundabout; be aware they may not be signalling correctly or at all.

Always keep an eye on the vehicle in front as you're about to emerge. Don't assume the driver won't have to stop while you're still looking right. Many rear end collisions happen this way. Make sure the vehicle has actually moved away.


Mini Roundabouts

• Approach these in the same way as a normal roundabout, but remember there is less space and time to signal and manoeuvre.
• Vehicles coming towards you, they may want to turn right.
• Be sure any vehicle on the roundabout is going to leave before you join the roundabout yourself.
• Be aware of drivers that are using it for a 'U turn'
• All vehicles MUST pass around the central markings (except large vehicles which are physically incapable of doing so).

 • When turning right at a mini roundabout, you don't always have time to signal "off", but remember to check left mirror.


 Multiple Mini roundabouts. At some complex junctions, there may be a series of mini-roundabouts at the intersections. Treat each roundabout separately and give way to traffic from the right.
When negotiating a number of junctions within a short distance of each other, choose a lane that puts you in the correct position for the next one.
In all cases watch out for and give plenty of room to
• pedestrians who may be crossing the approach and exit roads
• traffic crossing in front of you on the roundabout, especially vehicles intending to leave by the next exit
• traffic which may be straddling lanes or positioned incorrectly
• motorcyclists
• cyclists and horse riders who may stay in the left-hand lane and signal right if they intend to continue round the roundabout
• long vehicles (including those towing trailers) which might have to take a different course approaching or on the roundabout because of their length. Watch out for their signals.